Televangelists, Megachurches and Large Media Ministries Receive Over $78.6 Million Dollars From Paycheck Protection Program

Trinity Foundation compiled the following table of televangelists, megachurches, media ministries and parachurch organizations receiving Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loans with notes about select organizations in hopes that donors will practice better discernment and demand greater accountability from religious organizations. The following is not a complete list, but rather a representive sample of the types of organizations we monitor for financial transparency.

As Covid-19 spread across America and millions of jobs disappeared due to shelter in place lockdown restrictions, the Small Business Administration (SBA) offered forgivable PPP loans "to provide a direct incentive for small businesses to keep their workers on the payroll."

When businesses and non-profit organizations applied for loans, they revealed the number of jobs they were seeking to retain. With the SBA releasing this information,  employee numbers for some televangelists are being disclosed for the first time.

Keep in mind that some of these ministries engage in excessive compensation and own expensive luxury jets. Perhaps they wouldn't "need" a loan if they practiced responsible financial stewardship.

A summary and additional analysis of our research is available in the article Trinity Foundation Investigation: $78.6 Million in Government Guaranteed Loans Given to Televangelists.

Head of Organization
Loan Recipient Organization
Amount of Loan
Jobs Retained
Files a Form 990
TV Ministry
Notes About Organization
Che Ahn Harvest Rock Church $311,241 34 No
Che Ahn's TV program airs on God TV.
Ernest Angley
Grace Cathedral
Televangelist Ernest Angley was sued for sexual abuse and settled a lawsuit out of court, according to The Columbus Dispatch.
Sonny Arguinzoni
Victory Outreach International
Sonny Arguinzoni's outreach to gangs and drug addicts has been criticized for manipulative practices.
Jim Bakker Morningside Church Productions Inc. $444,400 39 No Yes
Televangelist Jim Bakker is currently embroiled in litigation after his TV program promoted silver solution as a cure for coronavirus.
Jim Bakker Morningside Church Retreat Inc. $198,700 18 No No
Jim Bakker Morningside Church Management $194,200 21 No Maybe
Mark Barclay Living Word International $317,440 38 No Yes
Living Word International also operates under the trade name Mark Barclay Ministries. The church owns a Hawker 800XP jet. Mark Barclay's TV program airs on VTN.
Jonathan Bernis Jewish Voice $894,610 73 Yes Yes Produces the TV program Jewish Voice with Jonathan Bernis.
John and Lisa Bevere Messenger International $542,859 37 No No
Messenger International may have stopped filing the Form 990 after 2017. Basic financial information is available because of their membership in ECFA.
Rick Bezet New Life Church of Arkansas $2,288,200 498 No No
Multisite church has sixteen campuses.
Mike Bickle International House of Prayer $2,514,300 473 No Maybe
Creating confusion, two different organizations founded by Bickle operate as International House of Prayer. This IHOP operates as a religious order, as explained in a Christian Sentinel article.  IHOP stopped filing a Form 990 after 2015.
Mike Bickle International House of Prayer --  Forerunner Christian Fellowship $215,900 61 No Yes
Creating confusion, two different organizations founded by Bickle operate as International House of Prayer. This IHOP operates as a church and is a member of ECFA which publishes basic financial information. IHOP operates a 24 hour per day streaming channel of their services.
Brady Boyd New Life Church (Colorado Springs) $1,783,255 163 No No
Megachurch once pastored by Ted Haggard.
Claud Bowers Associated Christian Television System Inc $168,200 18 Yes Yes Operates TV station WACX in Orlando, Florida.
Greg Bradshaw Harvest Bible Chapel $2,556,200 289 No No
Megachurch previously pastored by James MacDonald.
Joseph Branham Voice of God Recordings $1,162,500 107 Yes No Distributes sermons by William Branham.  Brannon, who died in 1965, actually helped launch the career of cult leader and mass murderer Jim Jones.
Tony and Cynthia Brazelton Victory Christian Ministries International $319,852 27 No Yes
Church owns a Sabreliner jet. TV program airs on The Word Network.
Jamal Bryant
New Birth Missionary Baptist Church
After pastor and televangelist Eddie Long died, Jamal Bryant was selected to be the church's new pastor. Television program airs on Sundays on The Word Network.
Happy Caldwell Victory Television Network $219,100 21 Yes Yes
 At the end of 2018 Victory Television Network had $14 million in total assets which included a cash reserve of more than $1 million.
Morris Cerullo
Morris Cerullo World Evangelism
In December 2019, Cerullo's ministry opened a $190 million themed resort. According to the San Diego Union-Tribune, the project was built debt-free.  Morris Cerullo died July 10th, 2020.
Neville Chankersingh Christian Television Corporation $1,064,900 115 Yes Yes Television network broadcasting from Florida.
Ryan Collins Bethel School of Technology $230,000 23 Yes No
Related to Bethel Redding. No employees reported on latest Form 990.
Matthew Crouch
Trinity Broadcasting of Texas
Trinity Broadcasting of Texas is  a smaller affiliate of Trinity Christian Center of Santa Ana, the original parent organization of TBN, with reportedly more than $1 billion in assets in 2018 including $488 million of publicly traded securities. Trinity Broadcasting of Florida, also a subsidiary, owns a large private jet at Matthew Crouch's disposal—a Bombardier "Global Express", N3PC.
Jim Cymbala
The Brooklyn Tabernacle
The Brooklyn Tabernacle features one of America's best known church choirs.
Richard DeHaan Jr RBC Ministries $3,425,000 107 Yes No Better known by the trade Our Daily Bread Ministries.
Gregory Dickow Life Changers International Church $426,300 67 No Yes
Produces the TV program Power to Change Today.
Dave Dummitt
Willow Creek Community Church
After previous pastor Bill Hybels was removed because of sexual harassment allegations, Dave Dummitt was selected to be the new pastor.
Dr. Tony Evans Oak Cliff Bible Fellowship $2,378,260 245 No Yes
Dr. Tony Evans's ministry Urban Alternative produces his radio program. His TV program airs on TBN.
Sean Feucht Sean Feucht Ministries $20,800 1 Yes No Worship leader at Bethel Redding.
Jentezen Franklin Free Chapel Orange County $370,170 29 No Yes Satellite campus in Irvine, California.
Jentezen Franklin Free Chapel Worship Center $1,714,855 134 No Yes
Hosts the TV program Kingdom Connection with Jentezen Franklin. His church is a member of ECFA which discloses basic financial information.
Debra Fraser Total Living International $208,000 15 Yes Yes Operates the Total Living Network.
Steven Furtick
Elevation Church
MinistryWatch reported that Elevation Church ended 2019 with a cash surplus of $26 million. Furtick's TV program airs on TBN.
Eric Geiger Mariners Church $2,700,000 -- No No
In 2018, Outreach Magazine listed Mariners Church as the 21st largest church in America, with  an average attendance of 13,651.
Jack Graham Prestonwood Christian Academy $3,353,800 0 No No
School operated by Prestonwood Baptist Church.
WV Grant Eagles Nest Churches $39,200 4 No Yes After ABC Prime Time Live's Diane Sawyer and Trinity Foundation investigated and discreditied WV Grant in the early 1990s, the televangelist was convicted of tax evasion.
John Gray The Relentless Church $1,250,000 151 No Yes
The church purchased a $1.8 million home for pastor John Gray who is currently in a legal battle with televangelist Ron Carpenter whose church previously occupied the church property.
Craig Groeschel Life. Church Operations, LLC $7,007,000 451 No No
Life. Church is well known for its Youversion Bible app.  (the period in the name is intentional)
J.D. Greear Summit Church $2,306,000 264 No No
Pastor Greear is currently serving as president of the Southern Baptist Convention.
Kenneth  Hagin Rhema Bible Church $1,487,115 212 No Yes
Rhema Bible Church owns a Canadair/Bombardier Challenger, N91KH. Their TV program Rhema Praise airs on Daystar.
Mac Hammond Living Word Christian Center $2,782,600 397
Several weeks before applying for the PPP loan,  LWCC purchased telelvangelist Jesse Duplantis' old Falcon 50 jet. Hammond's church also owns another private jet, a Cessna 650, N178HL, which it obtained in the fall of 2019.  Hammond, a aviation enthusiast, also owns a jet fighter trainer.
Benny Hinn
World Healing Center Church
Benny Hinn Ministries is a tradename registered to World Healing Center Church. Hinn's TV audience significantly shrank after his TV program was removed from TBN. In 2017, the Internal Revenue Service and postal inspectors raided the church after obtaining a search warrant. Trinity Foundation investigators strongly suspect that Hinn immediately hired a defense attorney and paid the IRS millions of dollars to prevent a criminal trial.
David Holsten Mission Aviation Fellowship $2,080,000 199 No No
Mission Aviation Fellowship is an ECFA member and reported almost $87 million in total assets in 2018.
Larry Huch
Freedom Center DFW
Larry and Tiz Huch's TV program New Beginnings airs on Daystar.
T.D. Jakes
Potter's House of Dallas, The
TD Jakes Ministries is a trade name registered to the church.
Robert Jeffress First Baptist Church of Dallas $2,277,135 293 No Yes
Pastor Jeffress' TV program Pathway to Victory airs on various religious TV networks.
Robert Jeffress First Baptist Academy $409,025 68 No No
School operated by First Baptist Church of Dallas.
Robert Jeffress First Baptist Medical Center $1,566,900 89 No No
Medical clinic operated by First Baptist Church of Dallas.
David Jeremiah Shadow Mountain Community Church $2,059,674 248 No Yes
David Jeremiah's ministry Turning Point for God  reported $22 million in assets on its 2018 Form 990.
Brian Johnson Bethel Music $852,200 58 Yes Maybe
Related to Bethel Redding. No employees reported on its 2018 Form 990.
Steve Johnson Cornerstone Television $548,492 69 Yes Yes Cable TV channel broadcasting from Pennsylvania.
Daniel Kolenda Christ for All Nations $703,146 45 Yes Yes
Evangelistic ministry founded by the late Reinhard Bonnke. Christ for All Nations airs on TBN and God TV.
Marcus and Joni Lamb Word of God Fellowship $3,913,200 303
Word of God Fellowship is the parent organization of Daystar Television Network. Daystar purchased a Gulfstream V shortly after being approved for the PPP loan. In response to Inside Edition investigating the jet, the network paid back its PPP loan with interest. Lamb denies paying for the jet with PPP money.
Christopher Larson Ligonier Ministries $1,982,574 160 jobs Yes Yes Theologian R.C. Sproul founded the ministry which publishes Tabletalk magazine and operates Reformation Bible College. The late Sproul is not usually thought of as a televangelist but his sermons are broadcast on NRB TV.  
Greg Laurie Harvest Christian Fellowship $2,962,300 410 No Yes
Greg Laurie's sermons are broadcast on TBN.
previously Carl Lentz Hillsong Channel $179,300 17 No Yes
The Hillsong Channel was created in a partnership between TBN and Hillsong.  Lentz was fired from Hillsong in the beginning of November due to an affair and a successor has yet to be chosen.
previously Carl Lentz
Hillsong NYC LLC
$623,500 43
Hillsong's American churches are registered as limited liability companies, an unusual practice, but not illegal.  Lentz was fired from Hillsong in the beginning of November due to an affair and a successor has yet to be chosen.
Guillermo Maldonado Ministerio Internacional El Rey Jesús $2,027,537
Ministerio Internacional El Rey Jesús is reportedly America's largest hispanic church and is located in Miami. Maldonado's ministry owns a Dassault Falcon 50 jet, N37KH.
Joyce Meyer
Joyce Meyer Ministries
$5,084,900 402
Joyce Meyer Ministries is a member of the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability which provides basic financial information about the ministry.  Joyce Meyer Ministries also owns a Gulfstream IV jet.
Paul Morton Greater St Stephen Full Gospel $253,282 30 No Yes Morton is pastor of two megachurches and his TV program airs on The Word Network.
Todd and Julie Mullins Christ Fellowship Church  $4,613,992 448 No No
Multi-site church with almost 30,000 attendees before covid-19.
Joel Osteen Lakewood Church $4,436,224 368 No Yes Osteen's Lakewood Church is the largest megachurch in the U.S.  None of the loan was used for his salary.  The church did not apply for the loan initially and the loan was granted in the July / August period.
Rod Parsley World Harvest Church $1,771,400 165
Televangelist Rod Parsley's TV program Breakthrough airs on Word Network.
Peter Popoff
People United for Christ
In 1986, on Johnny Carson's The Tonight Show guest James Randi revealed that televangelist Popoff received messages from his wife over a radio receiver, rather than from God. Video of the broadcast is on YouTube.
Frederick Price
Crenshaw Christian Center Church
The TV program Ever Increasing Faith With Fred K. Price is broadcast on TBN and Daystar.
Richard Roberts
Oral Roberts Evangelistic Association
Oral Roberts Evangelistic Association has lost more than half its employees since 2017. In 2019 the ministry reported $3 million in assets.
Touré and Sarah Jakes Roberts Potter's House of Denver $229,800 22 No No
Sarah Jakes Roberts, daughter of T.D. Jakes was in the news for purchasing a $4 million home.
Sid Roth The Messianic Vision $589,600 0 No Yes
The TV program Sid Roth's It's Supernatural is known for featuring people claiming to have messages from God. The guests are often questionable.
Robert "Bobby" Schuller Crystal Cathedral Ministries $414,709 Unknown No Yes Produces the Hour of Power TV program.
Jay Sekulow and Pat Robertson American Center for Law & Justice $1,232,300 87 Yes Yes
Jay Sekulow is the CEO of the organization and Pat Robertson is president. Gary Sekulow is the CFO of this organization and Jay Sekulow's related organization Christian Advocates Serving Evangelism, which uses the tradename American Center for Law and Justice.  It's 2019 form 990 reported $58 million in total assets of which $31 million are invested in publicly traded securities.  Sekulow's TV program airs on TBN.
David and Vicki Shearin Word of Life Christian Center $398,000 76 No Yes
Produces the TV show The Word for Living.
Kerry Shook Fellowship of the Woodlands Church $1,485,100 175 No Yes
TV program is featured on TBN.
Ward Simpson Angel Christian Trust Inc $239,765 14 Yes Yes
Angel Christian Trust is better known as God TV.
Judah Smith Churchome $1,622,942 115 No No This megachurch, previously named City Church, is located near Seattle, Washington.
Johnson Suleman Omega Fire Ministries Worldwide $188,252 16 No Yes
Johnson Suleman is a Nigerian pastor and televangelist.
Andrew Sumrall
Family Broadcasting Corporation
$1,196,600 70 jobs
Family Broadcasting was founded by televangelist Lester Sumrall and was originally named LeSea Broadcasting.
Jimmy Swaggart
Family Worship Center
Jimmy Swaggart Ministries is a trade name registered to Family Worship Center.
Chuck Swindoll Stonebriar Community Church $1,779,800 399 No No
Swindoll also oversees the non-profit organization Insight for Living which produces a radio program of the same name.
David E. Taylor Joshua Media Ministries International $31,400 3 No Yes Taylor's TV program Miracle Mondays is broadcast on The Word Network.  The link is for a 2017 form 990.  Taylor appears to have stopped filing them.
Mark Taylor Tyndale House Ministries $4,185,645 222 Yes No The ministry began operating in 2019.
Casey Treat Christian Faith Center $506,600 63 No Yes
Casey Treat's TV program airs on the Hillsong Channel
Kris Vallotton Bethel Media $496,300 77 Yes Yes
Related to Bethel Redding. Almost $2.5 million in total assets and no employees were reported on latest Form 990 (2018). Bethel Media runs Bethel TV which operates as a premium subscription web-based TV channel.
Rick Warren Purpose Driven Connection 511,000 38 Yes No In their most recent Form 990 (2018), Purpose Driven Connection reports zero employees.
Rick Warren Purpose Driven Publishers 211,600 13 No No In 2019 Purpose Driven Communications changed its name to Purpose Driven Publishers.Although corporate papers indicate this organization is a non-profit, there is no record of either name in the IRS database.
Michael Warsaw Eternal Word Television Network $4,677,500 0 Yes Yes
In 2018, Eternal Word Television Network reported $4 million in total assets.
Jane Whaley Word of Faith Fellowship $271,860 58 No No
Trinity Foundation sent an undercover employee into this church in 1994 resulting in an Inside Edition esposé.  Often classified as a cult, the church isolates members from their families and is the target of an investigative book titled Broken Faith: Inside the Word of Faith Fellowship, One of America's Most Dangerous Cults.  
Paula White
City of Destiny
Paula White's TV program The Walk airs on Daystar.  Formerly known as the New Destiny Christian Center.
Rick Wiles Flowing Streams Church $294,365 Unknown No Yes Trunews with Rick Wiles airs on TCT Network. PPP loan was obtained with the name "Office of the senior pastor and president of the The Flowing Str."
Bill Winston
Living Word Christian Center $1,879,310
Televangelist pastors Bill Winston and Mac Hammond both have churches with the same name. Winston's church also owns a private Gulfstream IV jet, N316VB. While the church doesn't file a Form 990, Bill Winston Ministries does file. 
Frank Wright Coral Ridge Ministries Media Inc $354,665 25 Yes Yes Producer of the Coral Ridge Hour which features the sermons of the late D. James Kennedy.
KP Yohannan Gospel for Asia $611,800 0 No No
In 2019, Gospel for Asia spent $37 million settling a lawsuit after being accused of fraud. Bloggers carefully reported on the scandal, unlike the religious press, according to journalist Julie Roys.
Ed Young Jr Fellowship Church $1,520,345 134 No Yes
Ed Young Jr's sermons are broadcast on TBN.
Ravi Zacharias Ravi Zacharias Ministries International $1,575,700 102 No Yes Let My People Think With Ravi Zacharias airs on Vision TV. Basic financial information is available because RZIM is a member of ECFA. Accusations of sexual abuse have surfaced regarding Zacharias who died in May 2020.
PPP loans to ministries and churches with national TV presence:  $78,648,009

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